The white fiber produced from the retted husk which is spun into coir yarn and products that have acquired special preference among the foreign buyers. Brown fiber is produced from dry or green coconut husk without retting by mechanical means
friendly nature of the products the excellent brushing qualities, bio-degradability
as wall to wall covering etc. blends well with any other natural furniture
Problems of non professionalised management system in the Co-operative
Sector, the lack of responsibility or sincerity of the Managing Committees,
the hesitation of the Union Leaders to accept mechanization and modern
technologies, shortage of availability of husk due to attack of Mandari
disease and extensive use of tender coconut, absence of any efficient
system of uninterrupted collection or procurement of the available husk,
the Societies' over dependence on Governmental assistance, unhygienic
surroundings and conditions of the work area of traditional retting and
beating operations etc. have resulted, among other things, in reduction
of fibre production in the state and consequently in acute shortage of
fiber and unprecedented increase in the price of fibre in the state as
it has to be purchased from elsewhere. The non-commissioning of more than
20% of the 56 Defibering units already sanctioned by the State Govt. in
the Co-operative Sector under the ICDP Programme for mechanized fibre
production, and the unsatisfactory working of even most of those units
already commissioned due to various reasons, coupled with non-availability
or non-collection of available husk have made the position from bad to
Out of the 837 registered Co-operative Societies only 522 are now working and only 41 out of them are working with profit. A good number of societies are now on the verge of liquidation. Even the Appex society – Coirfed - has been facing severe financial crisis for the last few years. So also the Public Sector Undertakings in Coir Sector like the Kerala State Coir Corporation and the Foam Mattings (India) Ltd. (FOAMIL) which are running at loss, for years. Reluctance or inability to produce new designs and more value added items as per the taste of consumers is one reason. Absence of R & D activities is also responsible.
In order to tide over the present acute shortage of fibre for the coir industry, the department has arranged import of fibre from foreign countries as a trial and temporary measure subject to study of the economic viability of the arrangement as a continuing process as and when necessary. Revival of the existing Defiberring Units in the Co-operative Sector and opening of more such units in the Private Sector are therefore to be done, to ensure continuous availability of fibre.
Action has already been initiated for setting up a National Coir Research and Management Institute in order to strengthen the R&D activities in the Coir Sector with a view to enable the industry to produce more value added and new design products at a reasonable but competitive price to sustain an upper hand in the domestic and in the International Market of Coir Products.
Taking the above crucial situation mentioned in a nut-shell, it is quite imperative to continue the various Plan Schemes now being implemented and, in addition, to introduce a number of new schemes in the coir sector